Solar power, an optimal source of energy in places where there is lack of water

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is blessed with a quantity of annual sunlight and until recent years it has been more of a liability than an asset, as large areas of the region’s land is too dry for agriculture.
As the population continues to grow (in most MENA countries over 50% of the population is below the age of 25) and as hydrocarbon reserves start to get depleted, the region’s leaders are looking at alternative sources of energy.

The increase in the population and industrial development in these countries results in an increase in the demand for water. Countries are increasingly turning to desalination of seawater and brackish water sources in order to provide people with clean, fresh drinking water, but these processes are very energy intensive. Desalinated water currently accounts for 0.6% of global water supply. The Middle East and North Africa region accounts for about 38% of the global desalination capacity.

Fossil-fuel power plants use fresh and sea water in their process of cooling and this aspect conflicts with the shortage of water in this regions. By switching to renewable energy the countries of Middle East and North Africa could solve their energy dependence problems also saving a lot of water. Especially solar PV plants require little or no water to install and maintain.

A 1 MWp power plant for example can produce over 2,000,000 kWh/year of clean energy in Middle East and North Africa region. The over 2,800 pv modules that make up the system could be a problem if cleaning process needs water, but nowadays dry cleaning systems have been developed and the use of water has been reduced to a minimum.

Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Libya, Algeria, Morocco, the United Arab Emirates and Jordan ranked among the top countries, measured by lack of freshwater and solar energy potential, that could benefit from such a switch.


keep up on the latest news from Enerray and related to the solar photovoltaic sector. Subscribe to our Newsletter!

Articoli correlati

2018 Renewable energy statistics in Italy
23 July 2019
The legislation of photovoltaic systems in Italy and the new FER 1 Decree
8 July 2019
Challenges of Utility Scale Solar PV Projects
3 June 2019
Self-consumption and electricity sales options for photovoltaic systems
25 May 2019
The advantages of industrial rooftop photovoltaic systems
20 May 2019
The importance of choosing a qualified solar EPC contractor
3 May 2019
How much energy does a solar photovoltaic panel produce?
1 April 2019
Utility Scale Solar farms are seeing exponential growth
20 March 2019
MENA Solar Energy Outlook 2019
23 January 2019
Enerray’s expanding business in MENA
9 January 2019
Algeria starts its renewable energy future with a 150 MW solar PV tender
17 December 2018
Oman will build the largest solar park in the region
12 November 2018
Utility Scale Solar PV Parks in UAE and Gulf Area
17 October 2018
Commercial and industrial rooftop solar systems in UAE and Gulf Area
25 September 2018
Design and construction of photovoltaic shelters
20 September 2018
In Dubai is borning a sustainable city powered by renewables
30 August 2018
Tunisia plans to improve its economy and invest in green energy
28 August 2018
MENA Region Solar Energy Oulook 2018
24 July 2018
The Benban Solar Park shines Egypt’s renewable energy targets
17 July 2018
Shams Dubai program and DEWA’s initiatives to increase solar power in Dubai
22 June 2018
Solar power, an optimal source of energy in places where there is lack of water
11 June 2018
How a PV system works?
30 May 2018
Socio-Economics Benefits from Renewable Energies – MENA Region
22 May 2018
What are the advantages and disadvantages of solar energy?
18 May 2018
The transition to a fully renewable powered energy system in Southeast Asia
14 May 2018
How does solar energy work and how can it be converted into electricity ?
10 May 2018
The transition to a fully renewable powered energy system in Latam
20 April 2018
The transition to a fully renewable powered energy system in the MENA region
30 March 2018
A global transition to 100% renewable electricity is feasible
26 March 2018
Photovoltaic Energy spreads in the emerging economies. Focus on Latam countries
15 February 2018